The Hundred Years' War was between France and England, it was the last great midieval war (1337-1453). This began after the Kings of England, who were descendant of William the Conqueror, spoke French but lived in England wanted to rule France as well as England. After the French king died in 1328 without and heir to the throne the English King Edward III thought he had a right to the French throne being that his mother was French and aunt to the king. He had already ruled a great portion of France. The Hundred Years’ War was because of the Black Death struck Europe in 1348, stopping the war for eight years as Europeans loss one-third to one-half of their population.

French nobles had to choose who would give them more power and independence in their own lands. A faction allied with Edward, counts of Flanders had decided to help the England's fight France in any case, because of links with England in the vital wool trade. Powerful lords in other outlying regions such as Brittanny and Normandy feared the ambitions of those who wanted a stronger centralised French kingdom. They allied with the English. To help keep the lords other regions were ambitions feared. The French war was a series of wars waged by the house of Valois and the house of Plantagenet, also known as the house of Anjou. The war has its historical significance to a number of factors though is was conflict.One of the central causes of the Hundred Years War centeredcanterd on the relationship between the kings of france and the kings of england, regarding the dutch of aquantine located in southwestern France. In 1259, the Treaty of Paris designated that Henry III held the duchy as a helper of the French king. As a vassal to the King of France Henry was required to pay liege homage to the king. The war happened all because the king wanted to rule France and not just England.

The English won many victories but soon the French came up with a new method and finally defeated the English making them retreat.

battle of Sluys 1340
battle of Sluys 1340

In 1340, the French king prepared the first blow to crush England's allies in Flanders before heading to England itsself to destroy. Instead, England attacked and ruinded the French fleet at the sea off Sluys (east of Dunkerque, in modernday Holland).



Hundred Years War - Battle of Crecy 1346
Hundred Years War - Battle of Crecy 1346
English slaughter French knights at the battle of Crecy 1346
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